Likewise at Male, where the pepper grows, and in the farming community of Kalliana (Kalliankal at Nillackal) there is also a bishop consecrated in Persia in accordance with the Nicea sunnahadose of 325 AD." The port at Kollam, then known as Quilon, was founded in 825 by the Nestorian Christians Mar Sabor and Mar Proth with sanction from Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal, the king of the independent Venad or State of Quilon, a feudatory under the Chera kingdom.
It is believed that Mar Sapor Iso also proposed that the Chera king create a new seaport near Kollam in lieu of his request that he rebuild the almost vanished inland seaport at Kollam (kore-ke-ni) near Backare (Thevalakara), also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils, which had been without trade for several centuries because the Cheras were overrun by the Pallavas in the 6th century, ending the spice trade from the Malabar coast.
In 825 CE, the Malayalam calendar, or Kollavarsham, was created in Kollam at meetings held in the city.
From top clockwise: RP Mall in Downtown Kollam, Lighthouse in Tangasseri, British Residency in Asramam, Kollam Junction railway station and Kollam MEMU Shed, Aerial view of Ashtamudi Lake, Kollam Port, Asramam Adventure Park, Jalakeli Kendram near Kollam Beach Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam.
In the 9th Century, on his way to Canton, China, Persian merchant Sulaiman al-Tajir found Kollam to be the only port in India visited by huge Chinese junks.
The name Kollam is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit word Kollam, meaning pepper.
As the ancient city of Quilon, Kollam was a flourishing port during the Chera dynasty (c.
Other important towns in the city suburbs are Eravipuram, Kottiyam, Kannanallur and Chavara.
Kollam appeared as Palombe in Mandeville's Travels, where he claimed it contained a Fountain of Youth.
The Ashtamudi Lake lie about 71 kilometres (44 mi) north of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram.
The city hosts the administrative offices of Kollam district and is a prominent trading city for the state.
Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek Nestorian sailor, who visited the Malabar coast in 550, mentions an enclave of Christian believers in Male (Chera Kingdom).
He writes, "In the island of Tabropane (Ceylon), there is a church of Christians, and clerics and faithful.
The proportion of females to males in Kollam city is second highest among the 500 most populous cities in India.